Hey white boy… you chasin’ all women around? You wanna make love to the scene? Take a drag or two.
Oh, pardon me, sir, I don’t know just where I’m going. I’m weary. I’m just looking for a dear, dear friend of mine.
You better watch your step, little boy. ‘Cause everybody knows, when midnight comes around, all the angels scream.
The lines above aren’t from a pulp novel. They’re snippets of lyrics that I borrowed from a slab of vinyl released 50 years ago today.
New York City, December, 1965. A cold wind slices through the city night. Anonymous, grey people wrapped in overcoats shuffle along a sidewalk on West 3rd Street. They move hurriedly, hunched over from the cold wind, oblivious to the small nightclub with a tacky sign above the door that looks like a leftover prop from a bad ’50s horror movie: “Café Bizarre.”
Inside this little matchbox-sized café, glasses clink, voices murmur, and cigarette smoke clouds the room.
On a little stage toward the back, a Mephistophelian looking man with long, greasy black hair and wraparound sunglasses toys with what looks like an electric violin. Another man, taller, casually tunes a guitar. Behind him, protecting a shabby drum kit, sits an innocent looking girl with a Beatle haircut. At the center of the little group stands a collegiate looking kid with curly hair, tight pants, and biker boots. He’s holding an enormous hollow-bodied electric guitar. He’s chewing gum. He glances at the other guitarist and cracks a mischievous smile. He then steps toward a microphone.
“Black Angel’s Death Song,” he announces to the half-empty room.
It was the last song the Velvet Underground would play at the Café Bizarre. The manager fired them immediately afterward.
The details may be slightly different, but the general picture is accurate. It was the final show by the Velvet Underground before joining Andy Warhol‘s pop-art multimedia show Exploding Plastic Inevitable, part of his Factory ensemble of experimental artists, junkies, transvestites, and high-society dropouts. He teamed the foursome with an exotic, beautiful European chanteuse named Nico. In 1966, after a whirlwind tour of the states, Warhol financed recording of their first album, and it was released the following year… to little acclaim, and practically non-existent sales.
But in the last 50 years, THE VELVET UNDERGROUND AND NICO has come to be regarded as one of the greatest rock ‘n’ roll records ever made, and essential to any respectable record collection. The band’s name (lifted from a porno paperback found in a recently vacated apartment) is now regularly associated with adjectives like “daring,” “uncompromising,” “revolutionary,” and “influential.”
Why is this record so important? (Brian Eno famously said that only a few people bought the record when first released, but every one of them formed a band: David Bowie, Patti Smith, Jonathan Richman, Deborah Harry, Jim Carroll, Czech President Vaclav Havel, and a few others). It’s not a stretch to say that the Velvets procreated glam rock, art rock, punk, alternative, industrial noise, and maybe even rap (don’t laugh… listen to the title track of the group’s second album, WHITE LIGHT/WHITE HEAT).
Along with leader Lou Reed’s insightful lyrics – an unholy marriage between Raymond Chandler and T.S. Eliot – the music on this album set the band apart from everyone else in the kaleidoscopic 1960s. It was harsh, discordant, primitive, and punctuated with blasts of distortion, feedback, and effects inspired by Welsh violist John Cale’s avant-garde studies with John Cage and LaMonte Young (best exemplified in the manic eight-minute closer “European Son”).
At the same time, there were moments of folkish tenderness, as in “Sunday Morning,” “Femme Fatale,” and “I’ll Be Your Mirror,” the last two sung by Nico in a voice that sounds like Marlene Dietrich on barbiturates. “All Tomorrow’s Parties” (Warhol’s favorite) mixes alcohol with the downers, but the straightforward lyrics, about a shunned and lonely Cinderella (Reed’s lyrics were gender-neutral) are incredibly sad and touching.
Even before teaming with Warhol, the Velvets were testing their experimental sounds in the subculture of underground art-film New York, and Reed had already composed his most notorious songs dealing with hard drugs: “Heroin” and “I’m Waiting for the Man,” as well as the sado-masochistic “Venus in Furs.” The lyrics and two-chord makeup of “Heroin,” in particular, are as striking today – and maybe even more relevant – as when they were first written:
‘Cause when the smack begins to flow
And I really don’t care anymore
Ah, when that heroin is in my blood
And that blood is in my head
Then thank God that I’m as good as dead
As with all great songs, “Heroin” has a musical structure that expertly punctuates the words and song theme. The song starts slowly, but gradually speeds up. Two simple guitar chords with a pounding bass drum, like a slow heartbeat. A sinister, single-note drone (Cale’s electric viola, strung with guitar strings) enters and becomes increasingly loud (the chemical pulsing through the blood?). The heartbeat grows faster, the guitar and drums become more frenetic… then slow down… then build again.
At the song’s climax, Cale’s viola goes completely berserk, right when Reed (in Dylan-ish talk-sing) begins confessing about “dead bodies piled up in mounds” and “thank your God that I just don’t care.”
Drug addiction is one of the tragedies of modern times. Fortunately, I don’t have experience with hard drugs, nor the harrowing lifestyle around them, so I can’t vouch for how accurate “Heroin” is in its depiction. But of all the many rock songs devoted to the subject, this song, for me, seems the most frighteningly accurate (and there are many who agree with me).
Even the less celebrated songs on this album are noteworthy, and provide the glue that holds things together. “There She Goes Again” is the closest thing to pop here, and it kicks off with a halting ten-note intro borrowed from the soul shaker “Hitch Hike” by Marvin Gaye. “Run, Run, Run” is a chugging little vignette of New York City street life, a sort of taste test for the group’s later 17-minute juggernaut “Sister Ray” (WHITE LIGHT/WHITE HEAT), and it’s filled with Reed-patented dysfunctionals with names like Teenage Mary, Margarita Passion, Seasick Sarah, and Beardless Harry.
And “Black Angel’s Death Song” – the song that ended the Velvets’ brief nightclub period – is an inscrutable, imagistic poem, probably written while Reed was an English student at Syracuse University. With a classic, typically menacing Reed vocal, Cale’s viola, and a sound effect like an ejaculating air hose, this is a song that’s primarily concerned with mood, and it grows more appealing over repeated listenings.
I asked a question earlier, but I don’t think I adequately answered it. There are a LOT of reasons why this record is so special. But if I had to sum it up in one word, I would use the word “honesty.” You take it or you leave it. There’s no bullshit here, unlike in so much other “popular” music.
Other musical artists – I won’t mention names – have crassly exploited shock effect and darkness for commercial reasons. But they’re poseurs. Unlike Lou Reed, they don’t possess any empathy for the people they sing about, nor a belief in their ultimate redemption. Reed wasn’t singing about caricatures and stick figures. He was empathizing with real people that he actually knew. Or that lived inside him.
If you haven’t yet heard THE VELVET UNDERGROUND AND NICO… I envy you, because it will shake your musical world a little. When I first heard this record, it was like discovering Dostoevsky after a diet of Dr. Seuss. It sounds trite, but the Velvets helped liberalize me. It was like crossing a bridge into a new territory of sounds, attitudes, and ideas. With his later songs, like “Jesus,” “Lisa Says,” “New Age,” “Sweet Jane,” and “Pale Blue Eyes,” Reed seemed to be sending personal postcards to his listeners (and I was one of the lucky recipients).
But this album is where it all started.
14 thoughts on “The Velvet Underground and Nico”
Great job in capturing the feel and touch of the Velvet Underground! It’s always a pleasure reading your articles. Especially those on music.
Thanks, Dave. Glad you enjoyed it.
Pete—-I so remember that first album! Favorite cut: ‘I’m Waitin for my Man’!
Definitely a classic song, Steve. If you haven’t heard it, check out the version on “1969 Live,” which is longer and has a completely different arrangement.
Good article about an album that is as important although different genres’ as, Liege & Lief by Fairport Convention. Thanks
I agree, the Velvets represent New York City’s underbelly as authentically as Fairport does rural England. Both are great bands. Thanks, Keith!
Real good article, Pete. You really capture the album and the era that it is from.
Much appreciation, Neil. I tried to capture what the album means to me, anyway. Not to overstate things, but it really did a number on my musical receptors!
Very well written and a great take. I came to VU after I was turned onto both Reed’s and Cale’s solo work. A no brainer to go back to this one. Your “honesty” and “no bullshit here” quotes sums it up for CB.
I think you’re probably the norm, but for me it was just the opposite: I discovered VU, then dipped into solo Reed and Cale. Uncle Lou was still just as open & candid after he went solo (sometimes painfully so), but I didn’t think his music had the same poetry or power. I’m glad he finally found a little commercial success and recognition, though. Thanks, CB.
I was a late bloomer when it came to listening to VU and this album. You have hit the nail right on the head with how you describe the album. And as one who was young and stupid the tune “Heroin” is right on the money with both the lyrics and the sound.
I won’t press for details, DCW! All I’ll say is that we were all once young and stupid. Thanks for confirming the authenticity of this great song, and all the best to you.
I don’t have the record, but the 1966 movie is terrible, I think 🙂
You must get the record. Are you referring to the movie “Chelsea Girls”? I haven’t seen it, but I hear it’s strictly an acquired taste. Any other footage taken of Warhol’s “Factory,” other than maybe the interesting “Screen Tests,” is pretty hideous.
Let me repeat: You Must Get the Record. Listen to it in one fell swoop and with no interruptions.